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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers among Dental Students: A Descriptive Study

Megha SK Saraf, Sahana Shivakumar

Keywords : Dental students, Dietary habits, Prevalence, Recurrent aphthous ulcers, Stress

Citation Information : Saraf MS, Shivakumar S. Prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Ulcers among Dental Students: A Descriptive Study. J Dent bio allied Health Sci 2024; 1 (1):25-27.

DOI: 10.5005/jdbahs-11017-0007

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) are among the most common oral mucosal lesions in the general population. Dental students, exposed to unique stressors and demands, may exhibit a higher prevalence of these lesions, which could impact their well-being and academic performance. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of RAU among dental students in Central India and to explore associated factors such as stress, dietary habits, and lifestyle. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among dental students from several colleges across Central India. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that assessed the frequency and severity of RAU episodes, alongside questions about dietary habits, stress levels, and lifestyle behaviors. The sample included 400 students, stratified by year of study to ensure representativeness. Results: The prevalence of RAU in our study population was 40%. Students in their clinical years reported a higher incidence (47%) compared with those in pre-clinical years (33%), suggesting a potential link with increased academic and clinical stress. High levels of stress, reported by 60% of participants with RAU, were significantly associated with the occurrence of ulcers (p < 0.05). Additionally, students consuming spicy foods frequently were 1.5 times more likely to develop RAU compared with those who did not (p < 0.05). Interestingly, only 40% of affected students sought treatment for their ulcers. Conclusion: The findings indicate a high prevalence of RAU among dental students, particularly associated with higher levels of perceived stress and consumption of spicy foods. The study underscores the need for stress management programs and dietary modifications as potential interventions to reduce the incidence of RAU in this population.


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